Batteries in boats have become very common and remind of the manual locomotion days, simpler and healthier too. Batteries provide energy not only to run the engine but for several other functions like running fans and cooking on board.
Realize that batteries are valuable and a better understanding would aid maintenance and prolonging their lives. Nobody can tell how long the battery would last, but the right timely maintenance would certainly extend its life, sometimes beyond what the manufacturers specify as the expected life duration. The extent of usage also matters, and the correct storing and charging facilities are essential.
Basic Tips to Increase Marine Batteries Life
Causes of batteries malfunctioning
Though batteries are robust and constructed to withstand rough conditions, they are susceptible to changes in temperature like extreme cold and the overheating syndrome. More energy is spent in very hot conditions and a greater discharge. In severe cold, the battery faces pressure and works harder. Charge batteries according to specifications and avoid high voltage for a quick charge.
Store batteries fully charged so that the future potential is not reduced. In cold climates, store batteries indoors in dry conditions preferably hooked up to a battery minder. Avoid the wrong use of a battery and use those built for marine applications, avoiding different types of batteries in a parallel connection. For batter understanding about installation must follow best marine battery website https://www.trollingbatteryguides.com/best-marine-battery/ and install battery properly.The wrong battery installation can lead to leaks and even fires or explosions. Appropriate battery trays and secure fixing would minimize the dangers. Batteries may be stored safely on concrete floors. Plastic battery cases will not discharge, unlike the rubber cases used earlier.
Ways to keep the battery fighting fit
Write down somewhere the date of battery installation. Don’t depend upon the factory date labels. Security being so important, make sure that the battery is clamped tight in a box or bracket. Nylon nuts on the terminals are recommended since connections will be strong with loose ends raising problems like weak charging and increased resistance. Regarding charging, it is 13.4 volts for the flooded electrolyte battery. Glass mat (AGM) batteries will be charged to 13 volts.
Distilled water is used to fill the flooded electrolyte battery and not tap water that would contain harmful minerals. A paste prepared with baking soda is used to clean the terminals and acid is thus neutralized.
The positive terminal must be kept covered with a boot that prevents sparking or a possible explosion. The battery terminals need to be lightly lubricated with dielectric grease that is non-conductive. Clean and bright connections work well. Battery box lids and boots prevent short circuits. Avoid dropping metal objects on the terminals. Around the battery, ensure good ventilation for gases to escape. Wearing gloves protects from acids.
A multi meter helps to check the charge of the battery. In DC volts, the 20-volt scale would suit marine batteries. After connecting correctly, check the readings. The battery has a full charge with 12.6 to 12.7 volts. A reading of 11.7 to 11.8 indicates a dead battery.
Don’t forget that the battery is the heart and the brain of the boat wiring system and supplies the energy. Boats being infrequently used compared to the car, you need to take good care.